a level english literature coursework criteria

Please read the guidelines carefully before submitting papers. IEEE translate to no more than 17 (review articles) or 15 (research articles) formatted pages. Word .doc ovfiblireacon.ga), Portable Document Format (PDF), Corel WordPerfect (WPD ).

This makes them good for intercropping, or repairing the soil that was drained of nutrients from other crops. However, groundnuts are not very nutrient-rich for consumption. The Nigerians along with most other impoverished African countries grew their own food, and with the groundnuts taking up vital land for growing sustenance, there was less room for their consumables. This is also one con of growing cotton. Cotton is not food, but the farmers were replacing large areas of land where they would be growing food with cotton crops.

Also, farming and refining cotton is a labor- and time-intensive process Milich. The farmers were growing way less food than they were used to and growing unfamiliar, labor-intensive crops, one of which ruins the nutrient balance of soil very quickly. However, the sands of the Sahara are actually expanding south and covering up areas that were previously used for farming Simmins. Former farmers had two choices: move further south and try to farm again or move east and become a nomadic herder.

Also, the Nile river used to flood every spring. This flooding actually proved useful to farmers, because the waters would carry nutrients from its banks and deposit them into the soil. Several dams, called the Aswan Dams, were erected to. Essay Reducing The Poverty Of Africa continent of Africa is the world 's second largest continent after Asia, with a total surface area, including several surrounding islands of 30,, square kilometres.

Read More. Words: - Pages: 6. Essay on Poverty in Africa Poverty in Africa More than million people fall asleep starving every day, and million of those are only children. Words: - Pages: 3. Words: - Pages:. Words: - Pages: 5. Words: - Pages: 7. Essay Poverty Of African Women And Children Of Africa The narrow definition of poverty is having an income that is less than what is socially acceptable to maintain an expected standard of living. As a result of political leadership of the current governors, the economic condition of African people has gone under dominant of prescribed economical policies of western companies which play a significant role in the deprivation of African populations of the essential key services in development.

www.cantinesanpancrazio.it/components/qukeves/959-rete-dati.php

The top 9 causes of global poverty - Concern Worldwide

Some of political economists are in this belief that the foreign investors are not responsible for improvement of the living standards of the people in the regions where they make profits. Although this concept is commented by some others but even if there was no argue in this belief, no one may disagree with the role of African political leaders in organizing the consequence of their leadership and management on economic conditions in Africa which has obviously had serious affections in provision of essential services such as health, education and infrastructure and there is no doubt that in absence of these fundamental services, the productive potentiality of people in their own societies will be decreased and they go through deprivation and poverty more and more.

Poverty can have a devastating effect, such as lack of food, improper healthcare; homelessness and lack of jobs all play a role in the effects of poverty. And it will increase because of low progress in the development and miss the Millennium Development Goals target of halving the proportion of underweight children.

Elvin & Ana Cristina: What Childhood Poverty Means in Guatemala

As a result, poverty effects can easily cause inability to develop, afford modern technology, provides basic services and access, mistrust of governments- leading to revolutions which will paralyze the governmental system and more rivalry over few resources. However, the significant consequences of poverty in Africa are more closely connected with uneven economic growth. The huge waste of human resources, others are mainly on human suffering and death, high mortality rate, epidemic diseases, high illiteracy, ignorance of problems and poor hygiene, water and sanitation.

If the current trend of poverty continue, then no hope to alleviate the poverty. In around 1. Due to lack of standard levels of educations in little academic training, lack of medical centers and facilities in training of physicians, few number of hospitals, insufficient medicines and medical equipment, lack of a suitable nursing care and many other interrelated medical issues, result to a bad health condition in African countries.

Although some activities have been done by International Health Organization under U. The budget elements of physical capital are considered as the third dependent direct principle in improvement of health care in Africa.

Why almost all fifty three African countries are considered as poor?

In the absence of massively expanded prevention, treatment and care efforts, it is expected that the AIDS death toll in sub-Saharan Africa will continue to rise. This means the impact of the AIDS epidemic on these societies will be felt most strongly in the course of the next ten years and beyond. Its social and economic consequences are already widely felt, not only in the health sector but also in education, industry, agriculture, transport, human resources and the economy in general. The AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa threatens to devastate whole communities, rolling back decades of development progress.

Good governance alone will not end poverty, but we cannot significantly reduce poverty, especially within a human rights approach, without good governance.

Good governance. There are problems in Africa for several decades even after many countries in the continent went through transitions from colonialism to independence, is not a deniable fact. In terms of political instability in Africa, it is also undeniable that the continent has had some difficult moments during the last fifty years or so.

Poverty in Africa

But what is still unexplained in the many analyses that have been looking at events in Africa is the fact that in almost all the cases of political instability in Africa, it is evident that the major problem is leadership. In this context, Africa has seen its freedom heroes turn into dictators, while plunder of natural resources, politics of exclusion and deprivation to tilt the balance of power continues to dominate the public sphere.

Moreover, these problems have been pointed out and fought gallantly by ordinary Africans who have over the years, expressed their discontent with regimes imposed upon them, through the complicity of the international community. They should pay its worth and pave the path toward democracy peacefully. The national recourses and assets will be managed to be spent for provision of vital and ordinary requirement of people like health care, training and infrastructural welfare.

If you go through the governing systems in African countries, you will find an apparent frame of democratic system but in most cases, you will come to know that majority of the people have no chance to vote for the key policies in management of their country. They have even enough influence in selection of the parliament members. We should never forget the significant role of western companies and investors in mastery of such dictators who have been elected and supported by them in a so called democratic way.

The deepest challenge for countries in the poorest parts of the world, especially Africa, is governance. The African continent has been ravaged both by civil war and conflict and by rapacious leaders who have plundered the natural wealth of their nations. Corrupt rulers and their weak regimes have arguably been the single most important drag on African development. The steps are to focus on good governance, social responsibility and elimination of corruption. Developed their educational systems, their infrastructure, and their labor markets which will able them to exploit their resources in the global markets.

Increase economic input on national income through the important exports of major resources such as oil, gold, raw materials, timbers, fishers etc. In many instances capitalism can generate adequate resources to eradicate extreme poverty, but it is continually undermined by corruption and self interests. It is an unfortunate truth that the poorer the country, the more difficult it is to put aside these unwanted programs by products of economic and social growth.

This can be met through the demand of trade reform that will help small scale farmers and enriching their agriculture and other sectors like services and labor. In other words governments should target the extremely poor people and enabled them to contribute to development by improving their health, education, provide agriculture subsidies instead of wasting expenditures all will lead to economic growth. There is need to educate the population and motivated them to maintain it. Donations can help as well to build basic infrastructure.

The African nations need political and economic policies that will aid their growth and lessen their dependence on outside charity. In order to eliminate poverty is to be stabilized in peace and may be reduce the population to have access to more food instead of more people with the less food. Making money and profitable business is the major task of international investors and companies. Democratization of African countries is not only beneficial for the people but also it may secure the investment and business of foreign companies and even increase their profit.

In this view, I believe the western countries and the U.


  • journey to the center of the earth essay questions!
  • good word to use in a essay?
  • 'I fear for the children': the families battling to beat the odds in Kibera – photo essay.

A can play a considerable role in settlement of democracy in this rich continent through European Union and United Nation organization. Many African communities were pushed away from arable land to pave way for large scale farming by colonial governments. At the time of independence the lands were shared among few privileged Africans or retained by white settlers who wished to remain. This led to millions of people becoming landless or squatters. Most of these large tracts of land are currently held as ranches or horticultural farms that grow crops for export.

The other portions are largely underdeveloped but owned by influential Africans or settlers who have several other means of generating their income. Majority of the population are trapped in endless conflicts. Others fighting to retain their communal land and others fighting as squatters who were brought there during the colonial period.

A Conclusion For Poverty

There are several guerilla wars that are sponsored by foreign governments competing for African resources. This guerilla wars that are disguised as liberations movements displace millions of people leaving them vulnerable to poverty. African governments are in most cases poor and cannot contain the guerilla conflicts because they are sponsored by rich foreign governments with interests in African resources. There are also several other African problems that precipitate the above poverty conditions. The refusal to change from the traditional ways of farming makes the population to be vulnerable to the effects of drought.

Poor land legislations and high illiteracy levels are other issues that contribute to this kin of situation. This essay on Picture essay on poverty in Africa was written and submitted by user Annika Garcia to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.