Simile and metaphor are two of the most commonly known literary devices.
This tract is clearly a parody of political writing and in particular the theoretical writing of communist revolutionaries like Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Joseph Stalin. Pathetic Fallacy Pathetic fallacy is the attribution of human emotions to nonhuman objects, particularly objects of nature.
Note that the term should just apply to the ascription of emotions, not thoughts or other properties. The term was invented by the English writer John Ruskin, and is widely used in literature. Day after day, a vast heavy veil had been driving over London from the East, and it drove still, as if in the East there were an Eternity of cloud and wind.
So furious had been the gusts, that high buildings in town had had the lead stripped off their roofs; and in the country, trees had been torn up, and sails of windmills carried away; and gloomy accounts had come in from the coast, of shipwreck and death. Violent blasts of rain had accompanied these rages of wind, and the day just closed as I sat down to read had been the worst of all. Some texts might shift between different perspectives throughout. Periphrasis Circumlocution. That is, the use of a longer expression for an idea where a shorter one might suffice.
Periphrasis is widespread, and often quite significant as a technique. Writers sometimes use periphrasis to refer to an object or person in a more creative way, or to avoid repetition. Inanimate objects take on a life. Personification is usually well-understood by students. It is a specific kind of metaphor in which human attributes are applied to nonhumans.
Like other forms of metaphor, it is widely used in literature, as well as daily life. Perspective A particular way of looking at individuals, issues, events, texts, facts etc. Plosive consonants Harsh sounds in a sentence or phrase. While this can be used to draw attention to specific things in the sentence, more often than not it is purely an aesthetic device. Use this technique with caution. Reference Reference is a very broad term. It simply means mentioning, usually clearly and unambiguously, something else, whether it is a historical event, another author, another text, or even a set of ideas.
Alfred Prufrock. The rejet is the disjunction between the appearance of a poem flowing between lines on a page and the pause that speakers unconsciously insert between lines when first reading a poem aloud.
List of Writing Techniques | Pen and the Pad
Repetition The repetition of words or syntax order of words for emphasis or persuasion. Repetition does matter, but it is an extremely easy technique to identify, so you should refer to it sparingly, and always analyse it further. Never point out that repetition of a term emphasises the term. Instead, think critically about what the repetition actually suggests.
Literary Devices, KS3 creative writing
A famous example of repetition comes at the end of T. To begin with, what is the idea? Repetition here has to be interpreted in the context of the central themes of the poem. You could begin by thinking about how this repetition relates to the cycles of revolution alluded to elsewhere in the poem, or to the scientific theories, including the theory of entropy, Eliot appears to explore.
You can read more about how repetition works here.
Representation How a composer conveys meaning through textual features. This is a key concept in works of art. You can read more about processes of representation here. Rhyme Rhyme is one of the most familiar techniques, and there is little to be said about it. Be careful in attributing meaning to rhyme in verse. In satire, common human behaviours, beliefs, and vices are held up to shame and scorn.
Satire is often considered a high form of comedy. Satire is often employed for biting social or political commentary. Many critics argue that the character of Falstaff is a satirical representation of Sir John Oldcastle, a Lollard the pre-cursor to protestants who was executed for treason and heresy. Setting Location of a story — internal and external.
This is often used to create a sinister or sensuous tone or mood. Symbolism is a very important technique, and in some texts, it is the central technique. A symbol is any visual object that by convention signifies something else, whether it be another object, an idea, a process, or an emotion. The letters of the alphabet are therefore symbols, in that they represent speech sounds. Numbers are symbols. Although all language is symbolic, literary symbolism usually refers more specifically to the use of objects to represent ideas and emotions. The Eliot poems set for study in Module B are all heavily symbolic.
A first step in interpreting the symbolism is to think about the ideas the objects conventionally imply. This suggests the poem might be concerned with decline and decay.
Syntax — sentence structure Syntax is one of the main components of language. It refers to the organisation of words and phrases in a sentence, as well as their structural relations. Some strategies you can take to assess this are:. Textual Integrity The organic unit of a text. Its use of universal themes. This is an essential part of Year 11 and Year 12 Module B. You can find a detailed explanation of Textual Integrity in this post. Here are our best snowstorm-inspired tips for writers. Start here! Dazzle readers with well-rounded characters using these writer techniques.
Are they unlikable? Can we possibly sympathize and like them anyway? You bet! From superheroes to career women to stay-at-home moms, strong women come in many forms. Here are some tips to help you create a believable, well-rounded, strong female protagonist. Cast your vote for the most useful writing craft tips here! But the answer is important to your success! Craft plays a key role in deciding whether a book is literary or mainstream commercial. Let us be your guide.
Start here to get the best results. Read this to find out! But we can help. Free vs. Make sure your poetry stands out by using these techniques! Find out here! If you are going to make rhyming submissions, know how to craft a good rhyming poem. Consider this a master class in rhyme. But are they publishable? But maybe you can do it better. Here are some signs that a poem is solid, successful, and has a good chance of getting published.
Short Story Or Novella? Where To Publish Shorter Fiction —Will your short prose be more publishable as a story or as a novella? As always in creative writing, you should consider why you are writing this piece: what can writing about this experience teach others? What can you learn from revisiting the memory? Whatever you choose to write about must be important to you, hinge around your experience, and have some impact on you.
When writing a personal essay, it is important to remember that the main character is you.
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This is challenging for a lot of people who are used to expressing themselves through a character or through poetry. Personal essays demand more vulnerability than either of these forms. However, it is this vulnerability that fuels the personal essay. You cannot learn from the experience unless you are honest with yourself, and readers will not be able to understand why this experience is significant if you hide yourself from view. Your character in the story can only develop if you claim the story as your own. While one of the most common kinds of creative non-fiction writing at least in an academic setting , the personal essay is probably one of the harder assignments to revise.